Among all the medical conditions out there, fibromyalgia is definitely one of the most enigmatic and misunderstood ones.
Frequently ignored completely and dismissed as not a syndrome in its own “right”, fibromyalgia is one of those medical conditions that is still not understood – not even by the most well-known medical researchers in the world.
We do understand the fact that over 5 million Americans have to go through the pain and through the life-changing symptoms of fibromyalgia on a daily basis.
There is no cure for this syndrome and the only way people can live their lives is by managing their own symptoms as well as possible. However, there are still too many patients for whom fibromyalgia has changed their lives dramatically.
Fibromyalgia and the Explanations We Got
The harsh truth about fibromyalgia is that we don’t even know how to define it. Of course, it is a syndrome, which means that it is a collection of symptoms – but they can vary so greatly and they can be so different from one person to the other than it is really impossible to put your finger on what fibromyalgia is.
The most common and poignant symptom experienced by people with fibromyalgia is widespread pain. Beyond that, there are a myriad of symptoms that arise, that can be inter-connected and that are sometimes even considered to be causes and risk factors for this syndrome.
On top of everything, most of them (grouped in certain ways) are common to other medical conditions that may be co-morbid with fibromyalgia.
Sleeping issues, bladder issues (and generally speaking urinary issues), the irritable bowel syndrome, headaches, fatigue, muscle spasms, tingling and numbness, waking up stiff, nerve pain, memory problems, low attention span, depression anxiety – these are just some of the symptoms that very frequently get associated with fibromyalgia (but also to other medical conditions fibromyalgia is commonly mistaken with or co-morbid with).
What Causes Fibromyalgia?
There is no clear answer to this question. In addition to the fact that fibromyalgia is quite hard to diagnose (as it will be explained further on) this syndrome’s causes are completely unknown.
Some have theorized that fibromyalgia is caused by the fact that the nerve “sensors” in the brain and in the central nervous system are too sensitive to pain, which makes patients feel pain at higher levels than it would be normal.
Even more, other scientists believe that fibromyalgia is caused primarily by genetic factors. According to them, there is a very high occurrence of fibromyalgia appearing to multiple members of one’s family.